Scheduled ancient monuments
A scheduled monument is an historic building or site that is included in the Schedule of Monuments kept by the Secretary of State for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport. The regime is set out in the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979.
There are currently 71 scheduled monuments in Newark and Sherwood District. You can find them by searching the national list. They include a wide range of archaeological types, from medieval castle remains to prehistoric mounds and civil war fortifications.
Scheduling is our oldest form of heritage protection. It began in 1913, although its origins go as far back as the 1882 Ancient Monuments Protection Act, when a 'Schedule' (hence the term ‘scheduling’) of almost exclusively prehistoric monuments deserving of state protection was first compiled.
If a monument is of national importance it may be scheduled. The Secretary of State has a broad discretion as to what to schedule and will be concerned not only with the national importance of it but also if scheduling would assist the site's conservation. The decision as to whether the monument is of national importance is guided by the following criteria set out by the Secretary of State for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport:
- Documentation supporting the monument’s significance
- Group value with other heritage assets
- Fragility/vulnerability – suggesting a need for protection
- Diversity of the attributes the monument holds
- Potential of the monument to tell us more about our past through archaeological investigation.
The Historic England Scheduling Selection Guides give detailed guidance about what may be eligible for scheduling.
How will scheduling affect me?
If you are the owner of a scheduled monument (or are acting on behalf of the owner) and you wish to carry out works to the monument, you will need to apply for prior written permission from the Secretary of State for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport. This is for works either above or below ground level. The procedure is known as Scheduled Monument Consent. ‘Works’ are defined by the 1979 Act as demolishing, destroying, damaging, removing, repairing, altering, adding to, flooding or tipping material onto the monument.
To avoid the possibility of damaging a monument, and therefore carrying out unlawful works, you are strongly advised to consult us while in the early planning stages of any intended works.
Certain development works to your property may require planning permission from your local authority, but obtaining such permission does not remove the need for Scheduled Monument Consent.
More detailed advice is available on the Historic England website.