King John

1166-1216

  • 1166: born on Christmas Eve, either at Beaumont Palace, Oxford or the Tower of London.
  • 1185: John briefly rules Ireland but only lasts 6 months before being sent home
  • 1191: older brother Richard left England for the Third Crusade
  • 1192: Richard is captured by Duke Leopold of Austria. John tries and fails to seize the crown. 
  • 1194: Richard returns to England and forgives John
  • 1199: Richard is killed in France. John takes the throne
  • 1202: Richard's nephew Arthur is murdered and many believe John is responsible leading to a rebellion
  • 1204: John's army is defeated fighting the rebellion in Brittany
  • 1207: John has a disagreement with the Pope leading to his excommunication
  • 1213: John gives in to the Pope. 
  • 1214: John loses another battle to the French at Bouvines. Barons in England begin a rebellion.
  • 1215: John seals Magna Carta at Runnymede, guaranteeing rights to the people of England. John tried to go back on Magna Carta provoking the barons to declare war once more.
  • 1216: John lost all of his treasure in The Wash, Lincolnshire. He made his way to Newark where he stayed at the Castle. He died there and was succeeded by his son Henry III

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